The working title for this forthcoming book (~2017) is tentative.
Feedback is ubiquitous and provides for the emergence of an infinite amount of change and complexity. However, the power to explain change in simple terms requires an open-form language that harnesses feedback, e.g., as used in the “hard science” of Physics. However, the “softer sciences” (and philosophy) continue to apply closed-form thinking – language and meaning that fundamentally disallows feedback – to the problem of change. It is an unfortunate mathematical fact that, at best, closed-form concepts lead to an endless set of local re-descriptions that over time and in hindsight, amount to scientism. Moreover, each closed-form approximation also requires an infinite set of terms to improve local precision. This book highlights the differences between these two epistomologies – languages for theorizing about change – and attempts to harden the soft sciences by converting closed-form thinking to open-form. It amounts to a revolution from the current linguistic turn (which happens to be closed), to an open one.
The “natural” language of continuous change is of a system of interacting open-form expressions that harness feedback. They are epitomized by “dynamics” – the partial differential equations of modern physics – and were critical to overcoming the closed-form limitations of natural language. That, and the search for universal laws, i.e., invariants not relative to local contexts, permitted Physics to become a “hard science“, a unified science.
However, the “softer sciences” (and philosophy) are replete with the closed-form conceptions of natural language. The closed-form problem stems from the dictionary style hierarchically structured definitions of words that does not allow for feedback. These do not have the power to explain change in a unified manner, and can only allow for an endless and infinite variety of local re-descriptions – the hallmark of scientism. Indeed, that is why the search for unification and external validity is given such short thrift in the soft sciences – they are mathematically impossible.
David’s book exposes the linguistic flaw within the soft sciences and philosophy. All the assumptions withing the closed-form linguistic turn are exposed, and this allows the move to the open-form linguistic turn to begin. The hardening of soft sciences demands it. The search for unification can now begin with a firm foundation.
WikiSilo theory is a minimalist epistemology that supports a unifying discipline within academia. It is supported by the WikiSilo tool (from wikisilo.org), and Wikimergic is its first client.
- The Emergic Approach is loosely defined for unifying cognitive modeling.
- Wikimergic (a product of the Emergic Approach) is used to document (or house) the abstract Emergic Approach. It includes WikiSilo components, and the concrete Emergic Cognitive Model.
- WikiSilo becomes a minimalist version of the Emergic Approach for science in general. It is housed in the master root level 0 WikiSilo named Wikisilo at wikisilo,org, Simultaneously, Wikimergic has extensions of WikiSilo theory for unifying cognitive modeling.
- Open-form thinking updates mostly Wikimergic, but WikiSilo as well. Wikimergic becoming suitable for unifying all of science, academia, general learning and decision making. A tool for unifying the world! Nevertheless, because it currently is concretized by ECM, it appears to be targeted for unifying computational modeling.
- Leibovitz, D. P. (2013) Wikisilo – Free tools and content to support a unifying discipline within academia. Retrieved November 17, 2013 from http://wikimergic.upwize.com/.
- Leibovitz, D. P. (2014) , West, R. L. & Belanger, M. (2014) WikiSilo: A Self-organizing, Crowd Sourcing System for Interdisciplinary Science [Abstract]. In P. Bello, M. Guarini, M. McShane, & B. Scassellati (Eds.), Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (p. 3333). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society. (abstract; poster PDF)
Wikimergic is derived from the Emergic Approach to unified cognitive modeling. As a product, it forms a wiki and tool that can be used for unifying analysis and synthesis. More importantly, it can demonstrate a coherence of complex distributed conceptions. As a research line of inquiry, one asks how to make the most effective tool for the socializing of unification. David started Wikimergic in 2013.
Wikimergic is a top level WikiSilo, i.e., at level 1. Both are theories, methodologies, frameworks, tools and approaches for collaboratively unifying science. However, a WikiSilo is a minimalist and pure epistemology unconcerned with the nature of reality, while Wikimergic is used for explaining change, behaviour and time based on a fundamental mathematical/linguistic underpinning of open-form thinking.
Wikimergic houses the entire Emergic Approach, while WikiSilo house a compatible but minimalist outgrowth of the Emergic Approach. The root level WikiSilo (named Wikisilo) currently houses only WikiSilo theory, while Wikimergic is a top-level WikiSilo underneath vying for ultimate acceptance.
Wikimergic also houses WikiECM as a 2nd level WikiSilo, as the abstract is always better informed with a concrete model. So currently, Wikimergic has cognitive modeling examples, even though it is directed to unifying all of science in particular, and all decisions making in general (all of academia).
The Emergic Approach (or EA) is a unifying methodology (and discipline) for progressing science based on the mathematical foundation of open-form thinking. Besides formal proof, the ability to unify disparate phenomena within a computational model is demonstrated by the Emergic Cognitive Model that was completely based on the Emergic Approach, while simultaneously enriching it.
A complex version of open-form thinking has successful hardened physics. However, the soft sciences (and philosophy) are replete with closed-form thoughts that in totality present an almost insurmountable barrier to change. Next to this fortress of cards, open-form thinking appears as a farfetched and irrelevant “philosophy” rather than as the standard approach. While it may be philosophizing, it is less for philosophers, and more for theoretical scientists in the soft sciences (especially cognitive science) interested in synthesis.
From 2007 – present, David Pierre Leibovitz developed a unified epistemology, ontology & metaphysics for the analysis, decomposition, synthesis and modeling of complex systems. The empirical philosophizing behind this Emergic Approach (or EA) to unified cognitive modeling is validated by developing a unified cognitive model – the Emergic Cognitive Model (ECM). This research was initially developed at Carleton University.
Leibovitz, D. P. (2018) Emergic Modeling. Lecture first given to the “PSYC 4700B/5700: Cognitive Modeling” class, Carleton University, pp 1-40, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. [doi: 10.13140/RG.2.2.30001.28002] (pdf)
Abstract: Unifying modeling and its philosophizing.
- 2018-01-29: PSYC 4700B/5700: Cognitive Modeling
- 2018-02-02: CGSC 3201: Empirical Issues in Cognitive Science
David was a member of Carleton’s Complex Adaptive Systems Group, and communicated ideas over various seminars.
David is currently part of Carleton’s Cognitive Modeling Lab, and collaborates with all researchers there.
Closed-form thinking leads to scientism (necessarily), while open-form thinking permits scientific progress. This is a mathematical certainty at a fundamental aspect of language (and meaning), theorizing and philosophizing.
However, it is historically unfortunate that humanity (and our language faculty) prefers, and is inundated by closed-form ideas. Being fundamental, the switch to open-form thinking will have an immense impact throughout academia and beyond, i.e., it affects decisions making everywhere. The open-form thinking project communicates these ideas to everyone aged 12 and up.
The open-form thinking project is similar to the Emergic Approach project. Historically, the Emergic Approach came first and it spawned (and was subsequently informed by) open-form thinking. However, open-form thinking is at the fundamental level of language and how this relates to theorizing (and decision making) power. It also applies beyond academia. The Emergic Approach can be thought of as using open-form thinking for unifying modeling. The Emergic Approach is for a narrow academic audience while open-form thinking is for everyone.
Leibovitz, D. P., West, R. L. & Belanger, M. (2014) WikiSilo: A Self-organizing, Crowd Sourcing System for Interdisciplinary Science [Abstract]. In P. Bello, M. Guarini, M. McShane, & B. Scassellati (Eds.), Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (p. 3333). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society. [doi: 10.13140/RG.2.1.2455.9840]
Abstract: WikiSilo is a tool for theorizing across interdisciplinary fields such as Cognitive Science using a specific vocabulary and structure. It is designed to show if a particular cognitive theory is complete and coherent at multiple levels of discourse, and commensurable with and relevant to a wider domain of cognition. WikiSilo is also a minimalist theory and methodology about effectively doing science, and is therefore a form of epistemizing. WikiSilo theory provides for a disciplined exploration of explanatory space via an axiomatic hierarchy of epistemizing and ontologizing postulates. The WikiSilo tool, via a software version control system, supports the long term goal of working toward coherent and unified theories. More generally, WikiSilo facilitates self-organization leading to academic silos with well-defined conceptual frameworks that are vertically related as compared to poorly related ad-hoc academic fiefdoms.